Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

As I was at the General Assembly, 104th Plenary meeting, 73rd session – High-level meeting to commemorate and promote the International Day against Nuclear Tests

The setting and circumstances of the event:

On September 9, 2019 an event was convened by the President of the General Assembly at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, entitled the International Day Against Nuclear Tests. The UN Secretary-General, AntĂłnio Guterres declared that this commemorated the day, in 1991 which denoted the end of the Semipalatinsk atomic test site in the former USSR, now Kazakhstan , The 2019 event filled two needs: “First, to pay tribute to the casualties of atomic tests and second, to bring issues to light of the problems and risk that such tests pose to the earth and global security”.
In the course of the past seven decades, somewhere in the range of 2,000 atomic tests have been completed, releasing a horrendous toll, the UN boss stated, annihilating situations and neighboring countries’ populations around the globe. People from locales as assorted as the South Pacific, North America, and North Africa have experienced groundwater pollution, radioactive aftermath, and wellbeing and living conditions damage, he explained.

During this event at the UN the Secretary-General called upon all countries to sign and confirm the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty also called the CTBT. ,
In the 21st century, atomic testing is not appropriate, he stated.
It isn’t satisfactory to pulverize and debase the earth, or for the nearby populations to experience the ill effects of radioactivity and other atomic consequences. The Secretary-General reminded participants that, regardless of broad support the treaty has not yet come into force. There should be a significant restriction on the subjective and quantitative expansion of atomic weapons and a pragmatic advance towards their all-out disposal.
“Give us a chance to consolidate and benefit as much as possible from this event to reestablish our pledge to prohibit every single atomic test, forever in all places”, the Secretary-General said.
After hearing national representatives speak at the United Nations General Assembly on their progress against nuclear/atomic testing, I realized how many praised Kazakhstan for the ability to resolve the problem of the history of nuclear/atomic tests in its country, and gather enough reports and statistics to give to the United Nations. Kazakhstan was able to resolve the issues of human rights in relation to the consequences of nuclear testing. But they have a long way to go, according to the United Nations data. An estimated 3.9 million Kazakhstan citizens during the Soviet era were affected by the aftermath of the radiation poisoning. And about 1.8 million Kazakhstan people were able to get medical assistance & reparations. There are about 2 million more people in Kazakhstan still needing medical assistance and atonement.
While recognizing critical advancement in forbidding atomic tests, Mr. Guterres said the day is “a token of our ethical commitment to guarantee a lawful restriction on atomic weapons.”

What’s more, despite the fact that the treaty has been signed by many countries since it was opened in 1996, it can’t go into force until it has been ratified by the major nuclear powers.

As I attended the International Day against Nuclear Tests, I witnessed a row of people sitting at the International Criminal Court seats that were assigned to them. They did not speak but only listened. I realized by hearing Secretary-General Guterres making his statement and by hearing the comments of the delegates that testing any kind of nuclear weapons is a crime against humanity & should be dealt with criminally as a matter of international agreement. I realized how this topic aligns with my major.

Because I am a Criminal Justice Major, I may go into international work. I have not yet decided, but I am delighted that my Major could connect to the International Criminal Justice system and the United Nations.